Archive for July, 2011

African-Americans on Confederate Soldier Service Records, compiling evidence about Black Confederate Soldiers

Sunday, July 3rd, 2011

by Ann DeWitt

 

Olive BranchWell known, the Congress of the Confederate States of America did not officially authorize African-Americans to serve in the Confederate States Army until March 23, 1865.  However, research has uncovered that some Confederate Officers  did more than issue uniforms to African-Americans, they enlisted African-Americans on official muster rolls.

The difficulty of identifying these men is more complex than military Civil War records being destroyed.  Bottom-line, there were no standard naming conventions for the African-American race in the 19th Century.  Therefore, some African-Americans are listed on Confederate muster rolls as either a slave, negro, negro boy, colored, colored boy, colored man free, etc.   These varying designations of African-Americans by Confederate Officers presents a challenge in searching for and identifying the entire population from the existing records at the  National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).  

In the 21st Century, these men have become known as “Black Confederates” or “Black Confederate Soldiers.”  To provide clarity, the following definitions of “Black Confederate” and “Black Confederate Soldier” are derived:

A “Black Confederate” is an African-American who is acknowledged as serving with the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War (1861-1865). 

A “Black Confederate Soldier” is an enlisted African-American in the Confederate States Army, an African-American acknowledged by Confederate Officers as engaged in military service, and/or an African-American approved by the Confederate Board of Pension Examiners to receive a Confederate Pension for military service during the American Civil War (1861-1865).

Below you will find the current African-American names found on Confederate States Army muster rolls.  This list is constantly updated; therefore, visit the Black Confederate Soldiers Website for updates.

 
African-Americans on Confederate Soldier Service Records
NARA = National Archives and Records Administration


 Name

 Listed As / 
Military Duty

 CSA Unit

NARA Catalog ID

 NARA Microfilm #

 # of Pages

Jerry Slave / Drummer Alabama 
4th Infantry
586957 M311 2
Nury Negro / Servant Alabama
15th Infantry
586957 M311 3
Braham (Bram) Slave / Cook Georgia 
4th (Clinch’s) Calvary
586957 M266 5
George Slave / Cook Georgia 
4th (Clinch’s) Calvary
586957 M266 5
Isaiah Negro / Musician Georgia 
1st (Olmstead’s) Infantry
586957 M266 8
Isaac Wood Colored Boy / Private Mississippi 20th Infantry 586957 M269 2
Moses Negro Boy / Laundress Mississippi 41st Infantry 586957 M269 3
Peter Slave / Laundress Mississippi 41st Infantry 586957 M269 3
Everett Hayes Colored / Private (Cook) NC
1st Artillery (10th State Troops)
586957 M270 10
William H. Dove Free Negro / Cook NC
5th Cavalry
586957 M270 8
William Lynch Free Negro / Cook NC
5th Cavalry
586957 M270 11
Charles Negro / Musician SC 
Heavy Artillery
586957 M267 1
Ellick Negro / Farrier SC 
Light Artillery
586957 M267 2
James Bright Colored Man Free /
Musician
SC
1st (McCreary’s)Infantry
586957 M267 4
Tobias Dawson* Musician SC
1st  (McCreary’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 9
William Emory Colored Man Free / Musician SC
1st 
(McCreary’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 12
Seymour Gardner Colored Man Free /
Musician
SC
1st  (McCreary’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 9
John Graves Colored / Musician SC
1st (McCreary’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 8
Peter Mzaych Colored Man Free /
Muscian
SC
1st
(McCreary’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 10
P Mazyck Colored / Band SC
1st (Hagood’s)
Infantry
586957 M267 2
Henry Brown Musician SC 
8th Infantry
586957 M267 8
Charles Cleaper** Private SC
23rd Infantry 
586957 M267 19
J.M. Corbitt Slave / Private Tennessee 11th Infantry 586957 M268 20
Wiley Stewart Person of Color
/ Private
Tennessee
4th (Murrays’s) Cavalry
586957 M268 2
Austin Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Ben Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Dorsey Negro Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Frank Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 2
Hal Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Jack Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Job Negro boy / 
Laundry Man
Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Pate Negro boy / Laundress Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Ransom Negro boy / Private Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 2
Sam Negro / Cook Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Stephen Negro boy / Private Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 2
Thornton Negro boy / Laundress Texas 23rd Cavalry 586957 M323 1
Pad Servant / Cook Virgina
40th Infantry
586957 M324 1
Ben Davis Slave / Helper, Laborer, Teamster Engineers, CSA 2133276 M347 7



Highlighting the Good in Humanity,
Ann DeWitt
info at kevinmweeks.com